Contributions of Hazrat Usman (R.A.)


Hazrat Usman (R.A.)reign constituted a glorious period in the history of Islam.The territories of Islamic state (caliphate)were immensely Though the conquest during His time were no so much in number as during the time of Hazrat Umar (R.A.), nevertheless they were not few in number either.He ruled over a cast part of the then known world,right from Kabul (Afghanistan) to Morocco.He(R.A.) put down the rebellions with an iron hand.

During Hazrat Usman's period of caliphate, the Muslim naval force was developed and Muslims began naval  Victories .
Caliph of Islam

The victory against the huge naval force of the Byzantine empire comprising 500 ships has been termed as the grand Victory.
After the capture of North African territories by Muslims gaining full control over Mediterranean,the mighty power of Byzantine and Roman empire has collapsed.Actually,Islam was at the zenith of it's glory during the period of Hazrat Usman (R.A.)

Official Manuscript of the Holy Quran :

One of the magnificent services to Islam done by Hazrat Usman (R.A.)was to safeguard any possible change in the codex of the Holy Quran.
After the conquest by the Muslims, hundreds of thousands of non-arabs,whose mother was not Arabic, accepted Islam because of its teachings.
Hazrat Hudhaifah(R.A.),one of the prominent companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW),went for Jihad during that time and noticed many differences in the manner of recitation of the Holy Quran.
The Syrians recited in a way different from that of Kufis while the Kufis differed from the Basris and so on.As a matter of fact these differences were due to the differences in the way of writing Arabic.
Caliph of Islam

Seeing this condition, Hazrat Hudhaifah (R.A.) reported the matter to the Khalifa on his return from Jihad and suggested that Madinah codex should be regarded as authentic,i.e.the the Holy Quran which was written and compiled in book form during the time of Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A.) and was kept with Ummul Mumineen Hazrat Hafsa (R.A.).
Hazrat Usman (R.A.)took that book from Hazrat Hafsa (R.A.)and canonized the Madinah codex.
He asked Hazrat zaid bin  Thabit (R.A.)the person who wrote it during the time of Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A.)to make copies of the same with the help of some other companions like Abdullah bin Zubair(R.A.)and Sa'ad bin 'As(R.A.)etc.
Then He ordered all other copies , beside the Madinah codex,to be burnt destroyed throughout the state.Those people who earned their living in the provinces às the receptacles and expositor of the sacred text were not pleased with this act.

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