Third Caliph of Islam Hazrat Usman Ghani (R.A.)|Reign of Hazrat Usman Ghani (R.A.)part2

 1: Hazrat Usman Ghani (R.A.) gets the title of Dhun Nurain:

He(R.A.) could not participate in the first battle of Islam against non-believers of Makkah at Badr, because his wife was very ill.She died before the Muslims returned from Badr after victory.
The Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW)gave Him(R.A) glad tidings that He(R A.) would be rewarded as though He (R.A.)had participated in the battle.
After the death of Hazrat Ruqaya (R.A.) the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) married HIS(SAW)next daughter Umm Kulthum(R A.)and so He(R.A.)was given the title of Dhun Nurain,i.e.the man with two lights.
Reign of Hazrat Usman Ghani (R.A.)

2: Hazrat Usman Ghani (R.A.)-The third Caliph of Islam:

Before His death , Hazrat Umar( R.A.) appointed a panel of six men to select a Khalifa from amongst themselves and then sought His approval through bai'at(pledge of loyalty)by the Muslim public.He also instructed them to make the nomination within three days.
The panel included
Hazrat Usman Ghani (R.A.)
Hazrat Ali(R. A.)
Hazrat Sa'ad bin Abi Waqas (R.A.)
Hazrat Talha (R.A.)
Hazrat Zubair (R.A.)
Hazrat Abdur Rehman bin Auf (R.A.)as the members.
After consultation with other companions and careful consideration, Hazrat Abdur Rehman bin Auf (R.A.)gave His (R.A.) decision in the morning of the fourth day,in favor of Hazrat Usman (R.A.).
First of all, Hazrat Abdur Rehman bin Auf took bai,at the hands of Hazrat Usman Ghani (R .A .)and then all the Muslim present in the mosque followed suit and took bai,at)pledge of loyalty)at the hands of Hazrat Usman Ghani (R.A.)In this way , Hazrat Usman Ghani (R.A.)was declared to be third Khalifa.

3:The conquests during Hazrat Usman Ghani (R.A) Caliphate:

During the Caliphate of Hazrat Usman Ghani (R.A.) the Muslims conquered a number of new areas.
Reign of Hazrat Usman Ghani (R.A.)

They took over Antalya and Asia Minor in the west, including Cyprus, Afghanistan,Samarkand, Tashkent, Turkmenistan,Khurasan ,and Tabrastan in the East and North east;and Libya,Algeria,Tunisia and Morocco in North Africa.
In this way, Muslims were ruling over a vast part of Asia and Africa viz.
Afghanistan, Turkmenistan,Uzbekistan,Persia or Iran,Iraq, Armenia,Azerbaijan, Turkey Cyprus, Syria Palestine, Jordan, Egypt, Libya, Algeria , Tunisia, Morocco,and of course Arabia and Yemen including the Gulf states.
All these countries and places were under one flag, and the Islamic state was far bigger than any of the past mighty Byzantine or Persian empire had ever been.
Islam as a religion was also prevailing in Abyssinia (Now Ethiopia)and in some parts of East and central Africa though these places were not under the direct control of the Caliphate.

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