Achievements of Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique (R .A.) Part 2

 1.Democratic way of His government:

Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique (R.A.)gave the first lesson to whole mankind of 'government by the people 'when nobody knew about it.On every occasion He(R.A) decided matters after due consultation with eminent companions,He(R.A.)used to say:I am but the Khalifa (deputy) of the Prophet of ALLAH."
Reign of Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique (R.A.)

2.Shoora (council of advisers):

Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique (R.A.) always decided matters of state after consultation.There was a special shoora (Council of advisers)for this purpose. Although the selection or election of such council did not take place after public voting,but the prominent figures included in the shoora were the most popular persons int he public .If an election,as we know it today,had taken place at that time ,all of them would have won it without any exception.Ibn e Saad has recorded that whenever Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique R.A.)faced a problem,He(R.A.)called eminent muhajireen ,and Ansar and the following people.Hazrat Umar (R.A.), Hazrat 'Uthman (R.A.), Hazrat Ali (R.A.), Hazrat 'Abdur Rahman bin'Auf(R.A.) Hazrat Mu'adh bin Jabsl(R.A.) Hazrat Ubaiy bin Ka'ab(R.A.)and Hazrat Zaid bin Thabit (R.A.)."In special occasions common consultation took place in which all the prominent muhajireen and Ansar were called besides the abovementioned 
personalities.
Reign of Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique (R.A.)

3: Appointment of officers:

For public offices Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique (R.A.)did not choose His own son or family members,but gave the chance to people of high merit .
Whenever He(R.A.)an officer,He(R.A.) advised him and explained his duties.On the appointment if 'Amr bin'As and Walid bin Uqbah as the collector of Zakat from the tribe of Quda'ah,He(R.A.) advised them as follows:
"Fear ALLAH openlyandsecretly.Whosoever fear ALLAH,He provides him sustenance from such source about which he never thought.Whosoever fear ALLAH,ALLAH forgives his sins and gives him double reward.No doubt,to have good will people is great piety.You are on such a way that you may go beyond the prescribed limits very easily.Stick to the rules prescribed by the Religion and that would save you from all evils."

4: Baith -ul-Mal and Revenue Administration:

During the time of the Holy Prophet Muhammad Peace be upon Him and also during the period of Abu Bakar As-Siddique (R.A.) there was no separate department for revenue.Zakat ,Sadqat and other taxes (Kharaj)and booty used to come to Madinah for Bait -ul-Mal which was under the charge of Abu 'Ubaidah bin Jarrah (R.A.)Whatever funds came in the Bait -ul-Mal were distributed among the needy and the poor immediately .

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