Consolidation of Islam during the reign of Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique

 1:The rebellion of Bahrain:

Bahrain is a small state in the north-east side of the Arab peninsula by the Persian Gulf.The people of Bahrain accepted Islam in the lifetime of The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him)Soon after The Holy Prophet Muhammad's (Peace be upon Him) demise the Muslim governor of Bahrain died and there was disorder in the province.
As-Siddique (R.A.)sent a battalion under the command of 'Ala bin al-Hadrami who defeated the rebelled tribe,Banu Bakr of Bahrain.The other tribe of Bahrain,Banu 'Abdul-Qais, was loyal to Islam and helped the Muslims against the rebels.

2:Other Rebellions:

There were other rebellions as well in the adjoining small states like Oman,Mahra,Hadarmaut and Yemen .All these were also suppressed and crushed .
First Caliph of Islam.

3:Start of Era of conquest:

The Arabian peninsula was surrounded by the two great empires of that time .On its north-eastern side was was the border of Person Empire.At that time Iraq was under the control of the Persian Empire.The northern part of the Peninsula was bordered by the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire ).It consisted of Syria , Palestine and Egypt.Byzantine was a Greek city on the Bosphorus  and Byzantines were named after this city.It was made the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 330 B.C. by Constantine,the Great .The name of the city was was changed later on to Constantinople after the name of Constantine , the Great.(now it is known as Istanbul in Turkey.)
After suppressing the rebellions of internal tribes and adjoining small states, Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A)turned His attention to the adjoining territories which were doing a lot of damage to Muslims and Islam and were continuously conspiring against Muslims.The aim of As-Siddique (R.A.)was not only to suppress their conspiracy against Muslim but ,as a matter of fact,to spread the universal message of Islam.Each Expedition was advised first to invite the enemy towards Islam in a peaceful way,if they accepted the message of ALLAH ALMIGHTY,they were treated as brothers otherwise Muslim had to accept their challenge.The sword was used as a last resort for self -defence .

4: Expedition to Iraq(Persian Empires):
Second Caliph of Islam.

There was lot of confusion during those days in the Persian Empire.A child,Yezdgrid ,was ruling over the Empire under the supervision of a lady ,Puran Dukht.
The Persians helped the rebels of Bahrain ND had done all they could do to crush Islam.There were certain Arab tribes living near the border.Some of them accepted Islam while other were Christians.Muthanna , the chief of a border tribe (Wa'il) accepted Islam.
Since the bordering Arabs tribes of Iraq (Persia at that time)were the main target of persecution by the Persians ,Muthanna and his companions took advantage of the internal conflict of Persian Empire and started small fights.In order tha the Persians may not wage a full scale war against Muslims Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique (R.A) permitted Muthanna to go ahead with his scheme.But later Muthanna came to Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique (R.A)and sought his permission for a regular fight.The Muslims were endangered by the Persian Empire which wanted to wipe out the increasing power and might of Muslims.Moreover,they were not pleased with the help given by the Persians to the Bahrain rebels .
Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique (R A.)after consulting his shoora (Advisory council) permitted him to start full scale war on the condition that first he must invite Persians to Islam peacefully.Since Muthanna was not much experienced , Hazrat Abu Bakar As-Siddique (R.A.) ordered His great general Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (R A.) to proceed immediately to reinforce Muthanna's army .It was the first month of the year 12A.H.(633A.C.) Hazrat Khalid bin Walid (R.A.)met Muthanna 's army at Ubullah.

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